Distinguishing between fact and opinion requires attention and scrutiny, because it is indeed a challenge to weed out opinions based…
There are two accepted sources of knowledge, reason and experience. There is, however, a third source of knowledge called intuition, mainly used by moral philosophers claiming to have discovered the source of knowledge for moral goodness.
Pragmatism is a philosophical viewpoint associated with an American philosopher and doctor of medicine, William James. In his book entitled…
The coherence theory of truth has to do with the well-formed formulas adopted in the field of the formal sciences like mathematics, logic, trigonometry, geometry or linguistic systems where definitions are considered as tautologies. The correspondence theory of truth, on the other hand, has to do with the correspondence of knowledge claims being made with the state of affairs in the world.
The two general classifications of knowledge in the sciences belong to two different paradigms, empirical knowledge gives emphasis on the criterion of verification while formal knowledge gives emphasis on the validity or coherence within the system being employed.
Empirical statements are different from analytic statements because their truth or falsity depend on the state of affairs being claimed. Here, the knowledge claim being made is not dependent on definitions or tautologous statements whose truths are contained within itself, but the truth or falsity being claimed by an empirical statement rests on its correspondence with facts or with the current state of affairs being claimed.
Sentences have no truth value. Statements are something expressed through declarative sentences that have the element of truth or falsity.