Cultural relativism, according to Rosado, (2003) is in essence an approach to the question of the nature and role of values in culture.
Culture is what distinguishes human beings from the lower animal forms making them unique. It is a powerful force in the lives of all people and shapes and guides people's perceptions of reality.
Culture is transmitted through enculturation, acculturation, and assimilation.
Even though considerable variation exists, all cultures share four components: 1) communication, 2) cognitive, 3) material, and 4) behavioral. (Rollings, 2005)
Culture is learned, shared by a group of people, cumulative, dynamic, ideational, and diverse. Culture also changes and gives us a range of permissible behavior patterns.
This framework substantiates the enabling qualities that culture as a whole aims to develop, namely: belonging, equality, fairness, cooperation, trust, recognition, shared beliefs and values, and a caring attitude among others.
Culture is defined as the set of learned behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideals that are characteristics of a particular society or population (Ember, 1999).