Elements of Fiction (Activity)

    Fill in the blanks. Choose from the answers from the table below.


    classic plot

    falling action




    point of view 




     in medias res










    rising action





    • __________ is the element that shapes how the events are told in a sequence or a pattern.
    • A type of plot wherein events are chronologically sequenced (beginning, middle, and end) is called __________.
    • A plot is one that begins in the middle of the story’s action.
    • A plot device called __________ is used when what is happening in the present is explained by recalling an event in the past.
    • A plot device called __________ is used when a hint is provided about what will happen later in the narrative.
    • The part of the plot where the initial state of things is being described is called __________.
    • That which disturbs the initial state of things is called the plot’s __________.
    • Events that increase the intensity of the disturbance comprise the __________ and subsequent complication of the plot.
    • The turning point of the plot, the point of its highest intensity, is called the __________. This is where a kind of decisive crisis is reached such that whatever decision made at this point changes the course of events and determines the ending.
    • __________ refers to the unraveling of the consequences of the major decision made at the turning point of the plot. Sometimes, a new state of things is created, a return to equilibrium as ending.
    • A type of plot that doesn’t follow a typical chronological sequence but orders events in a fragmentary way is called __________ plot.
    • The time and space or the physical and social contexts where a story takes place is called the __________.
    • The mood or general feeling evoked by the setting is called the __________.
    • The narrator is the person or persona (as distinguished from the author) who is telling the story An __________ narrator knows and reveals everything, including what’s in the mind of the characters.
    • An __________ narrator gives his or her comments or opinions, in contrast to an objective narrator who does not.
    • An __________ narrator cannot be trusted for some reason (because he or she is lying, mad, prejudiced, etc.). Narrators tell the story using the first, third, or in rare instances second person.
    • The feeling hovering over the story is not only created by the setting, but also by the narrator’s attitude toward the characters or story that he/she is telling. The narrator’s attitude sets the __________ of the story.
    • Narrative perspective, also called __________, refers to the “eyepiece” or angle from which readers witness the events as told by the narrator.
    • In many stories, a godlike, omniscient narrator shows everything, but in stories with narrators of __________ omniscience, the perspective is restricted to one character (the narrator or somebody else), or angled to the way that one character sees it.
    • Characters (human or not) are the movers of the plot. Characters can be major or minor, complex or simple, dynamic or static. A character’s __________ explains his or her actions or decisions.
    • A __________ is an object that is literally present and serves a literal purpose in the story but also seems to have a deeper, layered, or figurative meaning.
    • A __________ irony occurs when the opposite of what is expected to happen is what actually happens.
    • A __________ irony is created when the intended meaning is the opposite of what is stated.
    • __________ irony refers to the disjunct between what a character knows, and what you as reader is made to know or understand about the story.
    • The story’s __________ is its critical point, its unique in-sight about its chosen subject.
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