Geres of Literature


  • Novel & Novelette
  • Long narrative divided into various chapters.
  • The events are taken from true-to-life stories.
  • Short Stories – Short narrative involving a simple plot and a few characters
  • Folk Tales
  • Fairy Tales
  • Whimsical Tales
  • Fables – are stories whose characters are animals who speak and act like humans.
  • Anecdotes  – are merely the product of the writer’s imagination. The main aim is to bring lessons to the readers.
  • Parables
  • Legends – are usually talking about the origins of things/people/places/animals, etc.
  • Myths
  • Essays – expresses the viewpoint of the writer about and issue or topic.
  • Speeches
  • Declamations
  • Orations  – formal treatment of a subject intended to be spoken in public.
  • News – are records of everyday events.
  • Biography – deals with the written accounts of a person’s life written by another person.


Narrative Poetry

  1. Epic is an extended narrative poetry about a hero of a race.
    The two types of Epic are:
    Popular Epic – doesn’t have a specific author. Example:  Harvest song of Aliguyon, etc.
    Modern Epic – has a specific author. ExampleDivine comedy of Dante, etc.
  2. Metrical Tales – these narrative are written in verse and can be classified as a ballad or a metrical romance.
  3. Idylls or home tales – Bayani sa Bukid by Al Perez
  4. Love Tales  – Florante at Laura
  5. Tales of supernatural written for strong moral purpose in verse form. ExampleAng Ibong Adarna
  6. Ballad – a ballad is a story song that often has a refrain or chorus as in the example that follows.
  7. Dramatic Poetry
  8. Social Poem
  9. Corrido
  10. Awit

Other Types of Poetry:

  • Haiku
  • Tanka
  • Limericks
  • Acrostic Poem
  • Concrete or form poetry

Types of Drama

  • Comedy
  • Tragedy
  • Melodrama or Musical
  • Farce
  • Satire
  • Morality
  • Comedy of Error