Literary Models

There are different models in literature and in this post, you will get to know three of them.

Cultural Model

Cultural model is a traditional approach to teaching literature that aims to understand and appreciate cultures and ideologies different from one’s own in time and space. In this model, the learners have to explore and interpret the social, political, literary and historical context of a specific text. The cultural model represents the possibility Literature brings into the picture as regards the understanding and appreciation of different cultures and ideologies together with the development of one’s perception of feelings and artistic forms.

Pros and Cons


  • It encourages learners to understand different cultures and ideologies in relation to their own
  • appreciation of different cultures and ideologies
  • get an idea of the contemporary or historical way of life where the story is taking place and thus develop insight into the country that speaks the language they are learning
  • efferent reading focuses on descriptions of landscape, weather, architecture, decoration, dress, customs, and traditions, among other things, which enhance vocabulary, language, and a cultural insight


  • largely rejected by those in TEFL since not only tend to be teacher-centered but there is little opportunity for extended language work.
  • efferent reading keeps the students alienated from the text and language
  • missing the intertextual references the literary work

Language Model

It aims to promote language development like vocabulary and structure.

Personal Growth Model

It aims to help one achieve lasting pleasure and deep satisfaction in reading.