Although we culture is discussed on a much-wider field, Dewitt et al (2003) explored on questions such as: What role foes the culture of a school play in student experience and performance? and What factors promote a student’s sense of belonging? Their study found that school culture has a critical role to play in many aspects of student life and learning. According to the framework, “The Schools as Communities”, students are unlikely to experience academic or behavioral problems if they are exposed to a school culture in which students and teachers respect trust, and support one another and where students ave a voice and that their opinions are heard. Fewer problems are expected because socially cohesive and democratic cultures instill in students a sense of school membership where they experience feelings of communal acceptance and belonging and attachment to school life.
This framework substantiates the enabling qualities that culture as a whole aims to develop, namely: belonging, equality, fairness, cooperation, trust, recognition, shared beliefs and values, and a caring attitude among others. The social environment of the school is a key factor influencing the healthy development of its students.