Writing Conclusions and Recommendations for a Qualitative Research

    Having the data analyzed and interpreted, it is time to write the research report. A research report or write-up is prepared after a study was completed. It provides a scientific narration of the research problem and its literature, the procedures undertaken, the presentation, analysis, and interpretation of data, and the conclusions and recommendations drawn out from the findings. The research write-up must be communicated to interested research stakeholders so that the results can be shared and recommendations can be implemented.

    Conclusions and Recommendations

    What are the guidelines in making conclusions and recommendations? Most research studies end with conclusions and recommendations. Conclusions are abstractions generated from the findings that answer the specific questions. Recommendations, on the other hand, are suggestive statements that put the research findings into practical utility of the stakeholders. They may also be suggestions for further investigation to improve the use of the present research findings by all interested parties.

    Guidelines in Writing the Conclusions

    In writing the conclusions, the following ideas may be considered:

    1. Conclusions are inferences, implications, interpretations, general statements, and/or generalizations based upon the results or findings of the study.
    2. Conclusions should properly answer the specific questions presented at the start of the investigation.
    3. Conclusions should be expressed in a concise statement that conveys all the important information.
    4. Conclusions should be stated in a strong, clear, and definite manner.
    5. Conclusions should pertain only to the subject or topic of the study.
    6. Conclusions should not include repetitions of the statements in the study.

    Guidelines in Writing the Recommendations

    In writing recommendations, the following pointers may be taken into account:

    1. Recommendations should aim to solve problems discovered in the study.
    2. Recommendations should be based only within the context of the research problem. If it is not within the scope of the study, it is irrelevant.
    3. Recommendations can be statements signifying continuance of a good practice and for its improvement.
    4. Recommendations should be doable, attainable, and practical. It must also be logical, rational, and valid.
    5. Recommendations can be addressed to individuals, agencies, institutions, or offices to whom or which in a proper position to implement them.
    6. Recommendations should be for further research on the same topic. It can cover other places to confirm and validate the study.
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